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Ageing skin

Senescence is the scientific term for ageing. With age, wrinkles appear, the skin loses its elasticity, becomes thinner; drier and paler, and blood vessels become visible. Pores may begin to increase in size, and we may lose volume to our facial features as the underlying structural support to the skin (fat pads and bone structure) changes and diminishes.

What is skin senescence or ageing skin?

Hair becomes white, may recede, especially in men, or grow in unwanted areas such as the lips (women) or in the ears (men). There is also a loss of volume in the face with redistribution of fat. Muscle contraction may cause deeper and permanent wrinkles in certain areas such as the glabellar lines between the eyebrows. The contours of the face change as the facial skin drapes over the underlying skull and muscles. 

Photodamage, which is caused by overexposure to the sun or ultraviolet light, may accelerate the process of skin ageing. Wrinkles occur at a younger age and are more pronounced. Typical signs of photodamage are brown age spots and irregular pigmentation of the skin, especially in fair-skinned people. In addition, growths may appear on the surface of the skin, which may become rough and in the worst case, actinic keratoses (pre-cancerous lesions) may also appear. 

Anti-ageing techniques & prevention methods

Today several therapeutic solutions exist which can help reduce or prevent skin senescence.

  • Dry skin is treated with moisturising agents (either topical or injectable treatments designed to hydrate the skin).

  • Wrinkle fillers reduce the signs of ageing skin. If wrinkles are secondary to muscle contraction they are treated with botulinum toxin.

  • Contour and volume changes can be corrected with wrinkle fillers or fat transplants.

  • Skin is toned using specific lights or lasers, chemical peels, dermabrasion or photodynamic therapy.

  • Unwanted hair is removed with laser therapy. Hair transplantation corrects receding hair.

  • Visible blood vessels are treated by laser, electrocautery or microsclerotherapy (injecting a product into the vessels to clog them).

  • Photodamage can be prevented by taking simple measures such as wearing clothes which protect from the sun, staying in the shade and applying sunblock.

  • Pigmentary changes are treated with depigmenting agents or chemical peels.

  • Actinic keratoses are treated with cryotherapy, topical agents or photodynamic therapy.

Understanding your skin

We will all experience skin quality changes due to ultra violet radiation (UVR) from the sun as well as changes caused by the passing of time.
Understanding your skin can be of great help when planning to enhance your appearance; especially when considering the use of so-called anti-ageing products such as wrinkle fillers. The skin is the largest human organ and has a number of important functions. The skin not only gives us our appearance and shape, it also serves other important functions such as protecting the body from the environment, preventing excessive water loss from the body and protecting the body from infection.

Wrinkles and volume loss

Your skin is made up of two basic layers known as the epidermis (or outer most layer) and the dermis. The epidermis' primary function is to protect the body from the environment and to prevent moisture loss. The dermis is made up of a network of collagen and elastin fibres that provide structure and support to the skin. Fat cells and other molecules such as hyaluronic acid provide further support to the skin and add facial volume, giving us a youthful appearance.

Dynamic wrinkles are closely linked with the action of our facial muscles. They develop because each time we make a facial muscle movement to smile, laugh or frown our skin creases in the same way. After making the same expressions over and over again, for many years, the skin remembers these crease lines, creating wrinkles. Dynamic wrinkles often occur as wrinkles or lines between eyebrows, an area known as the glabella. Typically, dynamic wrinkles found in the glabella region can be treated with a botulinum toxin treatment which relaxes the muscle for a period of months smoothing away the wrinkle.

Static Wrinkles are not linked to facial muscle movement but the loss of volume within the skin. The majority of static facial wrinkles and folds are within the dermis where over time facial volume is lost as the collagen and elastin fibres, fat cells and hyaluronic acid break down, and the rate at which it is replaced by the body slows. The visible sign of this is skin ageing and the appearance of lines, wrinkles and folds, and facial volume loss. Hyaluronic acid dermal fillers can assist by restoring and replacing lost volume where it is needed most - within the dermal layer of the skin.

Reduce skin ageing

As skin ages its qualities change. Collagen and elastic fibers are degraded and the quality of the body's own hyaluronic acid is reduced. This results in decreased skin elasticity, increased roughness and dryness of the skin. This is partly due to intrinsic factors that are difficult to change, such as our individual genetic code and the biological clock. There are, however, extrinsic or lifestyle factors which we all can control to a certain degree to reduce skin ageing.

Lifestyle factors effecting skin ageing (UVR exposure, smoking, drinking)

Smoking and drinking, excessive sun exposure and stress can all speed-up the biological clock. However, of all these ageing factors sun damage by UVR (Ultra Violet Radiation) poses the greatest threat. Infact, UVR is thought to be responsible for the major part of skin ageing. Without sun damage, we would probably not develop wrinkles until we were in our 80’s. Aesthetic & Corrective dermatology solutions cannot turn back the passage of time. However, when applied by an appropriately trained aesthetic healthcare professional they can assist in restoring the skin's hydrobalance and improve the skin structure and elasticity, as well as fill out wrinkles and folds and restore facial volume to facial features such as the cheeks or lips.

Aesthetic & Corrective Dermatology Solutions:  a small change makes a big difference

Today people can affect their appearance more than ever and the ideal of beauty is being broadened. Few people expect a “miracle”. Instead they want to have subtle, elegant results which make their appearance better match how they feel, or the phase of life they are in. Out of this grows a need for individually adapted aesthetic and corrective solutions. At the same time as we want to keep ourselves attractive, even in advanced years, both women and men often lead an active life, with many different types of demands. Beauty treatments are expected to be effective, taking up a minimum of time with a minimum of risk.  Here the aesthetic portfolio meets a large and growing need.

Galderma (UK) Ltd develops and offers safe and effective products for aesthetic treatments, including wrinkle fillers and lip enhancement treatments, so that a person’s appearance reflects how they feel on the inside.

The ideal of beauty changes over time and between cultures, but the desire to feel beautiful is central in many people’s lives. How we choose to manifest this, however, varies a great deal between cultures and eras.

At Galderma (UK) Ltd, we do not provide any norms for what can be considered beautiful or about whether aging is in opposition to beauty. We believe that each individual knows best what beauty is for him or her. When someone experiences a heightened sense of well-being, greater self-esteem or a greater quality of life with the aid of our dermatology solutions or products, that is beauty for us.

 Discover more about dermatology company Galderma (UK) Ltd and our innovative dermatology solutions, aesthetic and corrective products

galderma.co.uk is focused on educating the public and patients about skin conditions and the different types of treatments that are available to treat and manage these diseases. This site is not intended as a substitute for medical advice from your doctor, dermatologist, or other healthcare professional and may include discussions about therapies or treatment options that are not suitable for your individual needs. We encourage you to use the information contained in this site to educate yourself about your disease and allow better communication between you and your healthcare professional.  Always consult a dermatologist or a healthcare professional for more information about your condition and the appropriate treatment / product that is right for your individual needs.

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